In his address, President Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina Rakotoarimanana said that it was important to recognize that developing countries are not the main parties responsible for climate change, although they paid a heavy price. Madagascar is systematically suffering from the consequences of climate change, which often destroyed efforts social and economic progress.Ahead of the Paris conference, he said the Government had announced its commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 14 per cent and to increase its absorption capacity by more than 30 per cent by 2030.“A new era is opening before the world; a new hope is being built with the advent of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),” he continued, stressing that the Goals should not just be a reference point to fight against poverty, but shoudkl aim for larger-scale sustainable human development. Human capital, both the actor and the beneficiary of the SDGs, must be at the heart of all the world’s actions. The security of peoples in all its forms — from wars, crises and insecurity — is the root cause of the systematic violations of human rights, and peace and security remained the Achilles heel of all development strategies. Because of that, his country was perusing its own path towards democracy and sustainability.